List of Types of Berries from A to Z

raspberries and blackberries

Juicy, sweet berries are highly perishable and are often a luxury item at the grocery store. Grow berries in your home garden instead, for a delicious summer treat that’s packed with vitamins, fiber and cancer-fighting antioxidants. Do your research before eating any berry you are not familiar with, as some are toxic (shown in red below).

Acai berry: Acai berries have garnered attention recently as a super food high in fatty acids, proteins and antioxidants. The dark purple fruit grow in clusters in palm trees native to the Amazon jungle of South America. Learn more.

Amla / Amalika / Indian Gooseberry: Grows on small to medium sized trees native to India, with peer reviewed studies about its health qualities. Sour tasting and fibrous. An important ingredient in Indian Ayurvedic medicine Often used in powder form.

Baneberry: Small, hard red or white berries. Toxic.

Barbados cherry: The Barbados cherry is a small shrub or tree that grows in the Caribbean and some parts of Central and South America. It is not at all cold hardy, suffering damage when temperatures dip below 30 degrees F. The fruit are bright red, cherry-like and very juicy.

Barberry: Barberry shrubs are used primarily as landscape plants, particularly around foundations. Birds love the small, red fruits. They’re too sour to enjoy fresh, but are palatable when cooked with sugar.

Bearberry: Found in arctic and subarctic zones around the world, the bearberry produces red berries enjoyed by bears and humans alike. Native people gather the leaves of bearberry plants for use as in folk medicine said to cure rheumatoid arthritis, gout, back pain, headaches and kidney stones.

Bilberry: Similar to blueberries, these flavorful berries grow wild throughout northern Europe. They are highly perishable and don’t transport well, but can be purchased in powder form. Europeans pick the wild berries for fresh eating, jams and baked goods.

Bittersweet: These bright orange berries grow on long trailing vines throughout New England. The berries are toxic and very bitter, hence their name. Use them for decorative purposes only.

Blackberry: Blackberries are related to raspberries and grow wild throughout the Pacific Northwest and the South. These plants prefer moist, fertile soils and mild winters. New varieties are more cold hardy, but gardeners north of U.S. Department of Agriculture planting zone 6 will have better success with raspberries.

Blueberry: Sweet, juicy blueberries are used for fresh eating, or in sauces and baked goods. Unfortunately, blueberries require acidic soil with a pH between 4.5 and 5.5. If you have alkaline soil, you will need to heavily amend it or grow your blueberries in containers.

Black Mulberry: The black mulberry grows only in warm climates, south of zone 7, but is a favorite fruit among Southern cooks. Substitute it for blackberries in pies and jams.

Boysenberry: An botanist developed the boysenberry in the 1920s by crossing raspberries, blackberries and logan berries. Walter Knott grew the berries at his farm and his wife made the sweet fruit into preserves. Knott’s Berry Farm became famous and the rest is history. Boysenberries require conditions similar to blackberries.

Buffalo berry: Buffalo berry grows wild throughout the Great Plains region and is enjoyed by humans and wildlife alike. The plant produces large, red fruit suitable for eating fresh, dried or in baked goods.

Bunchberry: Bunchberry trees produce red clusters of stone fruit in northern regions of North America. These fruits are bland tasting and better left for the birds.

Chokeberry: Chokeberry shrubs are often used as landscape plants because they are drought tolerant, disease resistant and grow under the shade of other trees. The fruit is acerbic, but makes good wine and preserves.

Chokecherry: The chokecherry grows wild throughout many parts of the West, although it grows easily in gardens, as well. Use this tart fruit in jams and syrups.

Cloudberry: This tree or shrub grows throughout the coldest regions of North America, producing yellow, bland fruit.

Cowberry: Cowberries grow wild throughout northern Europe and Canada, producing tart red fruit, similar to cranberries. The fruit are used in baked goods and preserves.

Cranberry: Not just for the Thanksgiving meal, cooks appreciate cranberries for their tart, fresh flavor. Cranberries are wetland fruits, requiring acidic peat soil, constant moisture and a long growing season.

Currant: Currants thrive in regions with cool, moist conditions. The small, round fruits may be translucent white, red or purple with a rich, tart flavor used for preserves or wines.

Dewberry: Wild black berries that grow on long, creeping vines. These plants grow prolifically throughout the Pacific Northwest. Eat them fresh or use them in jams and baked goods. They have a slightly bitter taste.

Elderberry: Similar to currants, elderberries are dark red to purple and make fine wine and preserves. Grow this plant in cool, moist regions with cold winters.

Farkleberry: A relative of blueberries, farkleberry, sometimes known as sparkleberry, grows wild throughout the Midwest. The black berries are relatively tasteless, although birds and wildlife enjoy them.

Goji berry: Bright red goji berries have been heralded as a super food, high in antioxidants. The shrubs are native to the mountainous regions of China and the Himalayas, but researchers in Utah are experimenting with them. They tolerate drought, extreme heat and cold, and poor soils. Learn more.

Gooseberry: This thorny plant produces tart, green berries used in pies and preserves. Gooseberries thrive in cool areas and prefer rich, moist soils.

Grape: Believe it or not, grapes are botanically classified as berries. Table grapes are used fresh and may be red, green or black. Small, seeded types have an aromatic flavor and are used for juices and wines.

Holly berry: Bright, red berries that grow on evergreen holly shrubs. Toxic.

Huckleberry: Huckleberries grow wild throughout the Pacific Northwest, thriving in the cool, moist conditions found in woodland settings. They are similar to blueberries, and are delicious fresh, or in jams and baked goods.

Indian Plum: This flowering shrub or small tree is native to the Pacific Northwest, west of the Cascade Mountains. The reddish fruit are non-toxic and loved by birds.

Ivy berry: Small purple to black berries found on ivy plants. Toxic.

Juneberry: This plant tolerates drought, cold winters and poor soils, growing wild throughout much of North America. It is used more often as a landscaping plant, although the fruit is tasty, resembling blueberries.

Juniper berry: Junipers produce dusty blue berries that resemble blueberries. The fruit isn’t toxic, but is rarely palatable.

Lingonberry: Also known as cowberry.

Logan Berry: This cross between a raspberry and a blackberry has a distinct taste and is used commercially in jams and juices. Grow logan berry as you would blackberries.

Mistletoe berry: Small, hard, red berries that grow on mistletoe. Toxic.

Nannyberry: This plant grows wild in northern woodlands and marshes. The berry resembles chokecherries in appearance and taste. Use it in syrups and preserves.

Oregon Grape: Oregon grapes grow well in a variety of soils and are used primarily as a landscaping shrub. The small, purple fruits are tart, but are eaten fresh or made into wine or preserves. Oregon grape root is used medicinally to treat diahrrea, constipation, giardia and gallbladder disease.

Persimmon: Like tomatoes, persimmons are botanically classified as a berry. These squat or round orange fruit hail from the Middle East and Asia, although gardeners in the Southern United States successfully grow them as well. They have a tart taste and slightly mealy texture.

Pokeberry: The fruit of this plant resemble blueberries, but don’t be fooled. All parts of the plant are toxic. The berries lack the star at the base of the fruit found on blueberries and have a glossy purple-red sheen.

Privet berry: Small purple or black berries that grow on evergreen or semi-evergreen flowering shrubs or hedges. Toxic.

Raspberry: Raspberries are cold-hardy and long-lived, producing sweet, flavorful fruit suitable for fresh eating, sauces and preserves. Plant raspberries in fertile soil and provide at least 1 inch of water weekly.

Red Mulberry: Red mulberry trees are native to many parts of the United States. They produce fruit similar to blackberries. The fruit are highly perishable and leave a mess on sidewalks and hard surfaces.

Salmonberry: Salmonberry is a perennial plant native to Alaska and Canada. The orange or red fruit resemble raspberries and are eaten fresh or in preserves.

Strawberry: A homegrown strawberry has little in common with those found in grocery stores. Homegrown varieties are often smaller, but have an intense strawberry flavor that makes you stand up and take notice. Grow them in fertile, moist soil and full sun.

Sugarberry: Sugarberry trees grow throughout the Southern United States and produce yellow or orange fruits loved by birds and insects.

Tayberry: This hybrid cross between a loganberry and a black raspberry produces sweet, red fruit. It grows in moist, fertile soil and is more frost hardy than blackberries.

Thimbleberry: A wild cousin of cultivated raspberries, thimbleberries grow from Alaska to northern Mexico. Use them fresh or in jams. They are softer and more perishable than raspberries and rarely sold commercially.

White Mulberry: White mulberry trees were brought from China to the United States in the 1800s in an effort to establish a silk industry here. The caterpillars feed off the leaves of these trees. The fruit is bland and unpalatable to humans.

Wineberry: This wild raspberry grows throughout New England and is considered an invasive plant. The fruit are soft and tart.

Wintergreen: This plant grows on creeping vines throughout Canada and the northern United States. The berries have an acerbic taste that improves with freezing.

Yew berry: Red berries found on evergreen shrubs. Toxic.

Youngberry: Byrnes M. Young introduced this hybrid cross between a dewberry and a blackberry in 1905. It is frequently grown in New Zealand, Australia and South Africa.

The world of berries extends far beyond the few commonly grown or found in grocery stores. Many berries that grow wild are safe to eat, but consult a field guide to accurately identify any berry before you consume it. Berries resembling blackberries and raspberries are always safe, as are wild strawberries.

Did we miss any berries? Leave a comment!


Comments

  1. hi i have some weed like plants growing in my yard. they are thin and have small leaves. they have small green and black or dark purple berries all over them i was wondering if you could tell me what they are? thank you

  2. from your description ,I would say they are Elderberries. Dark juicy, and excellent for wine and liquers. In the spring bunches of creamy white flowers appear. these blossoms make amazing Elderflower Champagne.

  3. Patrick Henry says:

    Not that it takes away from this wonderful list, which it truely is. I have been led to believe that some of these aren’t berries. Strawberries being one standing out.

    • Blippety says:

      You’re right, by botanical definition strawberries aren’t berries, and neither are a lot of the other “berries” listed here, including raspberries, blackberries, mulberries, plums and cherries. They are, however, often called “berries” in everyday English.

      At first I thought that this article was just listing the “berries” that are considered berries in everyday English, but then I noticed it had also listed grapes because they “are botanically classified as berries”. However, pumpkins, bananas and avocados are also botanically classified as berries, and aren’t on the list. This article seriously needs redoing, because the author obviously had no idea what they were doing.

  4. Hi,

    I just bought a fruit kind, the shopkeeper said its vall (wall) berry fruit. It looks like pear fruit, small in size. what is it? Is it edible?

    And, along with these descriptions, it would be much better if you add the related images to it, so that we can identify the fruit and its uses as described here.

  5. I have a small tree out back with tiny purple berries on them. I live in Alabama. Could you tell me what kind of tree this is and are the berries toxic?

  6. Hi i found your awesome list and was wondering if you could help me identify these berries. a quick search on google images found that they are common but farthest i could go was “wild berry”
    heres a link to a picture of them:
    http://i962.photobucket.com/albums/ae107/wwwsam/31102011029_1.jpg

    any help is appreciated
    thanks heaps =]

  7. hi,
    we have a white mulberry tree and they are very palatable for humans, majority of the ripe fruit are very sweet.

  8. Hi, I was wondering if you could tell me what kind of berry grows only in New England. It is said, it doesn’t grow anywhere else in the world.
    The berry looks like a blueberry and is supposed to be very good for ones health.

  9. HI!

    Your list is great. Just wanted to mention to you that I live in VA and we have TONS and GOBS of wineberries in the summer. They have invaded farther south than New England.

    Melanie

  10. I didnt know there were so many berries. Think these are only the ones we’ve discovered.

  11. It was a berry Dr. Zo talked about on his show one day last week that make you look and feel younger. I thought it started with a z something berry. I looked up all berries from a -z and its not coming up. Do you have an idea of ehat Im talking about. Thank you for your time.

  12. You forgot about the cremson berry! (my favorite)

  13. Marilyn Maloch says:

    I found some berries growing on the corner of the yard directly beneath the fence and wondered what kind of berries they are?they are drying out right now but I took pictures of them and the leaves are very small maybe 3/8 inch to 1/2 inch long oval and pointed the berries are about 1/4 inch starting to dry out, I would like to send the pictures to find out? In the beginning they looked like gooseberries but they are too small I believe.

  14. Stephei says:

    Hi. This list is a great resource. Thank you for taking the time to list all the berries. I’ve always wondered how many varieties there actually are. Very helpful. Oh, there is one thing I did want to mention. You seemed to have left out the avocado. That is botanically considered a berry as well. :)

    • Blippety says:

      You’re right, by botanical definition strawberries aren’t berries, and neither are a lot of the other “berries” listed here, including raspberries, blackberries, mulberries, plums and cherries. They are, however, often called “berries” in everyday English.

      At first I thought that this article was just listing the “berries” that are considered berries in everyday English, but then I noticed it had also listed grapes because they “are botanically classified as berries”. However, pumpkins, bananas and avocados are also botanically classified as berries, and aren’t on the list. This article seriously needs redoing, because the author obviously had no idea what they were doing.

      • Blippety says:

        Whoops, that was meant as a reply to Patrick Henry’s comment; I don’t know why it ended up as a reply to this one.

  15. thank you for taking this time for listing all the berries it has been a very good guide especially because I’m allergic to berries and melons.

  16. I have these bushes in my yard that I am trying to identify, the leaves are shaped much like that of a raspberry plant and are crinkled med green and they bare fruit the size of my middle finger round in shape looking very much like a small cherry, however do not have the stem like a cherry. They are med bright red in color and have a pit in the center. They seem to taste good any ideas??

  17. Don’t forget the banana. Yup, it’s a berry.

    • Blippety says:

      As are pumpkins, avocados, tomatoes and watermelons. Also note that the majority of the “berries” listed here aren’t actually botanical berries. This list is a complete mess.

  18. First year for a fasr growing bush with cream colored flowers in clusters that start green and ripen in the fall to deep purple, The largest stems has a muted purple color to them. Very light porous stems.
    In Niagara Falls region. Mostly in the woods. Never seen it but sprouting up in several places.

  19. Hello,
    A friend of mine gave me a bag full of some berries, but I don’t know what they are, or if they are safe to eat… she has eaten them. It is pretty much like a cranberry but darker outside and inside. The seeds remind me of a grape. Someone tried it and said it is very tart. I have been reading the list of berries but I don’t think I have found them, it is difficult to find pictures of the seeds. I have a picture, I could send it but here I do not find a place to upload it.
    Thank you very much!

  20. I have these berries growing in my garden, and I don’t know what they are… They’re red when they’re not ripe and a bit sour to eat. Then when they are all right to eat they’re black, and they’re sweet. They look a little bit like blackberries. I don’t know, they might be. Their leaves are thin and small with a light army green colour. Do you know what they are?

  21. You should really start replying to the questions that people put up. It’s your responsibilty as a website owner.

  22. Most on the list are not berries. Berries have seeds packed randomly in the flesh, surrounded by a skin (sometimes called a rind). The biggest are Melons & Pumpkins, then Cucumbers Squash, Aubergines etc., then Tomatoes, Grapes, Gooseberries etc.

    Raspberries, Strawberries, Loganberries, Boysenberries, Blackberries etc. are NOT berries. They are compound fruits (like Pineapples), with seeds on the outside, one per little individual fleshy part.

    Citrus are segmented fruits, needs no explanation, nor do stone fruits (Cherries, Peaches etc).

    All these divisions are artificial, based on appearance and seed distribution, fruits within each division are not always related genetically, but Apples and Pears are.

  23. Iris Dorris says:

    Ha I found this berrie growing wild in the woods black 1/4 round with seeds like a grape, like a muscadine or scumptum, but not either one they are smaller, I tried one and they are sweet 2 weeks ago, all are gone noe birds or deer got them What are they?

  24. Gessille Bowzy says:

    Are all fruits that found in groups reffer to berries? Just like Grapes

    • Blippety says:

      Nope, by botanical definition, berries are fleshy fruits produced from a single ovary. A lot of fruits found in groups, such as blackberries and raspberries, aren’t actually berries.

  25. i have holly berries in my yard

  26. Raspberries, blackberries, and raspberries probibly along some some mroe i have missed, are not berries. and you almost missed some such as bananas.

  27. i keep seeing a odd fruit at the grocery store and have been told it is a berry. its deep red, large grape sized and has long thick hair like things covering it. what is it, how do you eat it and what is the flavour like?

  28. Pictures to show what the berries look like would be helpful, I have red berries that look like small strawberries but they are not strawberries, I am trying to find out what they are and if they are eatable or poisonous. but since I do not know the name of them it is hard to identify them with out a photo by the berry names would be very helpful. my grandson keeps wanting to eat them..

  29. My daughter has a tree in her back yard that is growing what lools just like blackberries what are they.
    thanks to anyone whi can give an answer
    Sarah Pilgrim

  30. My father in law , has a vine on his fence that has a green berry/grape on it , it is ripe in the fall , He says it is a Skipanon . I have been unable to find any information on a Skipanon berry or Skipanon grape . Could this be the nickname of another berry or grape . Do you know anything about a Skipanon?

  31. AnonymousS says:

    I have a few questions. 1.Are there ever white berries? 2.Can you describe the tastes of these berries? (Blueberries, blackberries, blue raspberries, red raspberries) 3.Could Pokeberries easily mix into a patch of blueberries?

  32. Richard Steckler says:

    I am interested in finding the name of a berry that is grown in S.E.Poland. I believe the colors are red, black and pale white and they are used more as a preserve than a table item.

  33. Hi, I have a large tree-like bush in my front yard with black berries on it that grow on it. I live in Vancouver, BC, Canada. There’s a pit inside the berries that I can easily bite through. The berries have no crown on them, and when they’re un-ripe they’re green/red. They grow out in clusters, what type of berries/plant would this be?

  34. I have small spindly bush in my garden, It had small white flowers with yellow centres in clusters on it which have turned to green then black small clusters of berries . What is it.

  35. I love barberries it’s used commonly in Persian cuisine. I grew up eating them with chicken and rice.

  36. Hi,

    I saw you mentioned Cloudberry as “bland”. I have to disagree on that. They are somewhat sour, with a strong and complex flavor that makes it my favorite berry of them all. This is from my own experience picking an eating fresh cloudberries many times.

    Boson

  37. I love strawberries!

  38. you forgot banana

  39. physalis?

  40. Granny K says:

    Hope someone still reads the comments here! LOL Among a myriad of old keepsakes I’ve inherited recently, there’s a small cloth bag filled with about 1/4 cup of dried berries. The bag and contents have to be around 100 years old. At first I thought they were seed. There is a ink-stained note attached that reads somthing like: “Mus krat berrys from the Muskrat trees in _ _ _. The horses was very fond of them. These are over 40 years old.” (written before 1955) The words that I’m interpreting as “Muskrat” are smeared – only the Mus, the “k” and the “t” are pretty clear. Any ideas of what this would be. The family homesteaded in Idaho, by the way.

  41. Granny K says:

    I just found a Muskeet tree online that has beans. One of the family did move to New Mexico in about 1900, until her new hubby was shot in a gunfight that he instigated!!! From there, this great-great grandmother moved to California. Do the “seeds” inside of the Muskeet tree beans look like dried berries? Would horses “love” them? Or, are there similar trees in the prairies of Idaho???

  42. D Murray says:

    I have berry tree in the backyard. The berries look exactly like blackberries but are a cross between white/yellow/a little green. I thought they were blackberries but aren’t changing color. They are very sweet and tasty. Anybody know what they are?

  43. D Murray says:

    Found it! It’s a white mulberry tree, yummy!

  44. sidwinston says:

    Calafate berries

  45. Jujube, honeyberries and pineberries are missing from the list.

  46. Hi, found this site while trying to solve a crossword clue here in UK.
    CLUE IS:- North American fruit
    ANSWER:- W*C***B*R**

    Can anyone help me?
    Thanks
    John

  47. A pumpkin is a berry too.

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